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Estate Planning State Laws:
Creating a Valid Will

This chart highlights the state laws related to estate planning and creating a valid will, including the type of will allowed in your state (statutory, written, oral), the number of witnesses required, whether you need a notary, and more. Check back often, as this chart is updated frequently.

If you don't find what you're looking for, see our chart of state laws related to Funeral Designations.

For more information, see our Estate Planning Materials & Resources, and our State-Specific Estate Planning Toolkit.

StateWritten/Oral/ StatutoryNumber of Witnesses RequiredNotarization RequiredProbate Process: UPC/Non-UPCHas Statutory Will FormState Allows for Remote Execution of Estate Planning Documents
ALABAMAWritten2Self-Provingxhttps://www.abn.alabama.gov/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/2020-04-02-Fifth-Supplemental-SOE_COVID-19.pdf;
ALASKAWritten2Self-Proving
ARIZONAWritten2Self-Provingxhttps://insurance.az.gov/executive-order-2020-26-remote-online-notary-services
ARKANSASWritten2Self-Provingxhttps://governor.arkansas.gov/images/uploads/executiveOrders/EO_20-12.__.pdf
CALIFORNIAWritten/Statutory2Not requiredxhttp://www.calbar.ca.gov/Portals/0/documents/CAStatutoryWillForm_ab_1986_bill_20100715_chaptered.pdf
COLORADOWritten2Self-Provingxhttps://www.sos.state.co.us/pubs/rule_making/files/2020/20200330NotaryNoticeTempAdopt.pdf
CONNECTICUTWritten2Self-Provingxhttps://portal.ct.gov/-/media/Office-of-the-Governor/Executive-Orders/Lamont-Executive-Orders/Executive-Order-No-7Q.pdf?la=en
DELAWAREWritten2Self-Proving
*DISTRICT OF COLUMBIAWritten2Not required
FLORIDAWritten2Self-Provingx (effective July 1, 2020)https://www.myfloridahouse.gov/Sections/Documents/loaddoc.aspx?FileName=_h0409er.docx&DocumentType=Bill&BillNumber=0409&Session=2019
GEORGIAWritten2Self-Provingxhttps://gov.georgia.gov/document/2020-executive-order/04092001/download
HAWAIIWritten2Self-Provingxhttps://governor.hawaii.gov/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/2003219-ATG_Executive-Order-No.-20-02-distribution-signed.pdf
IDAHOWritten2Self-Provingxhttps://www.nationalnotary.org/file%20library/nna/reference-library/state-law-summaries/idaho.pdf
ILLINOISWritten2Self-Provingxhttps://www.nationalnotary.org/knowledge-center/news/law-updates/il-guidance-on-remote-online-notarization-2020
INDIANAWritten/Oral (I.C. 29-1-5-4)2Not requiredxhttps://www.in.gov/judiciary/files/order-other-2020-20S-ms-236.pdf
IOWAWritten2Self-Provingxhttps://governor.iowa.gov/press-release/gov-reynolds-signs-new-proclamation-continuing-state-public-health-emergency
KANSASWritten/Oral (K.S.A. 59-608)2Self-Provingxhttps://governor.kansas.gov/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/EO-20-20-Executed.pdf
KENTUCKYWritten2Self-Provingxhttps://apps.legislature.ky.gov/record/20RS/sb150.html
LOUISIANAWritten2Required in addition to witnesses
MAINEWritten/Statutory2Self-Provingxhttp://legislature.maine.gov/statutes/18-C/title18-Csec2-517.pdfxhttps://www.maine.gov/governor/mills/sites/maine.gov.governor.mills/files/inline-files/EO37.pdf
MARYLANDWritten2Not requiredxhttps://governor.maryland.gov/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/Remote-Notarizations-3.30.20.pdf
MASSACHUSETTSWritten2Self-Proving
MICHIGANWritten/Statutory2Self-Provingxhttp://www.legislature.mi.gov/(S(cdhuhhkfgz0ngz2tn4yfjsjk))/documents/mcl/pdf/mcl-700-2519.pdfxhttps://www.michigan.gov/whitmer/0,9309,7-387-90499_90705-525178--,00.html
MINNESOTAWritten2Self-Provingxhttps://www.sos.state.mn.us/notary-apostille/notary-help/remote-online-notarization-authorization-faq/
MISSISSIPPIWritten/Oral2Self-Provingxhttps://www.sos.ms.gov/content/executiveorders/ExecutiveOrders/1467.pdf
MISSOURIWritten/Oral2Self-Provingxhttps://www.sos.mo.gov/library/reference/orders/2020/eo8
MONTANAWritten2Self-Provingxhttps://leg.mt.gov/bills/2019/billhtml/HB0370.htm
NEBRASKAWritten2Self-Provingxhttps://sos.nebraska.gov/sites/sos.nebraska.gov/files/doc/OnlineNotary_EmergencyRule_Regulations_Chapter%209.pdf
NEVADAWritten2Self-Provingxhttps://www.leg.state.nv.us/NRS/NRS-133.html#NRS133
NEW HAMPSHIREWritten/Oral (only for soldiers; N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 551:15)2Self-Provingxhttps://www.governor.nh.gov/news-media/emergency-orders/documents/emergency-order-11.pdf
NEW JERSEYWritten2Self-Proving
NEW MEXICOWritten/Statutory2Self-Provingxhttps://willforms.org/wp-content/uploads/New-Mexico-Last-Will-and-Testament-Form.pdfxhttps://www.governor.state.nm.us/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/Executive-Order-2020-015.pdf
NEW YORKWritten/Oral (limited to military NY CLS EPTL § 3-2.2)2Self-Provingxhttps://www.governor.ny.gov/news/no-2027-continuing-temporary-suspension-and-modification-laws-relating-disaster-emergency
NORTH CAROLINAWritten/Oral (limited N.C.G.S. § 31-3.4)2Self-Provingxhttps://www.sosnc.gov/imaging/dime/webportal/55573846.pdf
NORTH DAKOTAWritten2Self-Provingxhttps://www.legis.nd.gov/cencode/t44c06-1.pdf#nameddest=44-06p1-13p1
OHIOWritten/Oral (Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 2107.60)2Not requiredxhttp://codes.ohio.gov/orc/147
OKLAHOMAWritten/Oral (limited to military Okla. Stat. tit. 84 § 84-46)2Self-Provingxhttps://www.nationalnotary.org/knowledge-center/news/law-updates/ok-senate-bill-915
OREGONWritten2Self-Proving
PENNSYLVANIAWritten2Self-provingxhttps://www.dos.pa.gov/Documents/2020-04-02-Remote-Notarization.pdf
*PUERTO RICO
RHODE ISLANDWritten2Self-provingxhttps://www.sos.ri.gov/divisions/notary-public/remote-online-notarization
SOUTH CAROLINAWritten2Self-proving
SOUTH DAKOTAWritten2Self-provingxhttps://www.nationalnotary.org/knowledge-center/news/law-updates/sd-house-bill-1272
TENNESSEEWritten/Oral (Tenn. Code Ann. § 32-1-106)2Self-proving (for wills executed prior to July 1, 2016, see Tenn. Code. Ann. § 32-1-104(b))xhttps://publications.tnsosfiles.com/pub/execorders/exec-orders-lee26.pdf
TEXASWritten/Oral (only if made before September 1, 2007)2Self-provingxhttps://gov.texas.gov/news/post/governor-abbott-temporarily-suspends-certain-statutes-to-allow-for-appearance-before-notary-public-via-videoconference
UTAHWritten2Self-provingxhttps://notary.utah.gov/2019/10/22/remote-notary-law/
VERMONTWritten/Oral (Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 14 § 1-6)2Not requiredxhttps://sos.vermont.gov/media/mixppvcq/emergency-rules-remote-notary-final-2020-0324.pdf
VIRGINIAWritten2Self-provingxhttps://law.lis.virginia.gov/vacode/title19.2/chapter1/section19.2-3.1/
WASHINGTONWritten/Oral (limited to military. Wash. Rev. Code § 11 12-025)2Self-provingxhttps://www.governor.wa.gov/sites/default/files/proclamations/20-27%20-%20COVID-19%20Notary%20%28tmp%29.pdf
WEST VIRGINIAWritten2Self-provingxhttps://apps.sos.wv.gov/adlaw/executivejournal/readpdf.aspx?DocID=89564
WISCONSINWritten/Statutory2Self-provingxhttps://law.marquette.edu/assets/community/pdf/mvlc_bb_handout5.pdfhttps://www.wisbar.org/NewsPublications/Pages/General-Article.aspx?ArticleID=27577
WYOMINGWritten2Self-provingxhttps://soswy.state.wy.us/Services/Docs/Guidance-on-Temporary-Remote-Online-Notarization.pdf
GUAM